ASN.1 (Abstract Syntax Notation One) DER (Distinguished Encoding Rules) is a standard-backed serialization scheme used in many different use-cases. Particularly popular usage scenarios are X.509 certificates and some telecommunication / networking protocols.
DER is self-describing encoding scheme which allows representation of simple, atomic data elements, such as strings and numbers, and complex objects, such as sequences of other elements.
DER is a subset of BER (Basic Encoding Rules), with an emphasis on being non-ambiguous: there's always exactly one canonical way to encode a data structure defined in terms of ASN.1 using DER.
This spec allows full parsing of format syntax, but to understand the semantics, one would typically require a dictionary of Object Identifiers (OIDs), to match OID bodies against some human-readable list of constants. OIDs are covered by many different standards, so typically it's simpler to use a pre-compiled list of them, such as:
This page hosts a formal specification of ASN.1 DER (Abstract Syntax Notation One, Distinguished Encoding Rules) using Kaitai Struct. This specification can be automatically translated into a variety of programming languages to get a parsing library.