Flattened Devicetree Format: GraphViz block diagram (.dot) source

Also referred to as Devicetree Blob (DTB). It is a flat binary encoding of data (primarily devicetree data, although other data is possible as well). The data is internally stored as a tree of named nodes and properties. Nodes contain properties and child nodes, while properties are name–value pairs.

The Devicetree Blobs (.dtb files) are compiled from the Devicetree Source files (.dts) through the Devicetree compiler (DTC).

On Linux systems that support this, the blobs can be accessed in /sys/firmware/fdt:

The encoding of strings used in the strings_block and structure_block is actually a subset of ASCII:

https://devicetree-specification.readthedocs.io/en/v0.3/devicetree-basics.html#node-names

Example files:

Application

["Linux", "Das U-Boot"]

File extension

dtb

KS implementation details

License: CC0-1.0
Minimal Kaitai Struct required: 0.9

References

This page hosts a formal specification of Flattened Devicetree Format using Kaitai Struct. This specification can be automatically translated into a variety of programming languages to get a parsing library.

GraphViz block diagram source

dtb.dot

digraph {
	rankdir=LR;
	node [shape=plaintext];
	subgraph cluster__dtb {
		label="Dtb";
		graph[style=dotted];

		dtb__seq [label=<<TABLE BORDER="0" CELLBORDER="1" CELLSPACING="0">
			<TR><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">pos</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">size</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">type</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">id</TD></TR>
			<TR><TD PORT="magic_pos">0</TD><TD PORT="magic_size">4</TD><TD></TD><TD PORT="magic_type">magic</TD></TR>
			<TR><TD PORT="total_size_pos">4</TD><TD PORT="total_size_size">4</TD><TD>u4be</TD><TD PORT="total_size_type">total_size</TD></TR>
			<TR><TD PORT="ofs_structure_block_pos">8</TD><TD PORT="ofs_structure_block_size">4</TD><TD>u4be</TD><TD PORT="ofs_structure_block_type">ofs_structure_block</TD></TR>
			<TR><TD PORT="ofs_strings_block_pos">12</TD><TD PORT="ofs_strings_block_size">4</TD><TD>u4be</TD><TD PORT="ofs_strings_block_type">ofs_strings_block</TD></TR>
			<TR><TD PORT="ofs_memory_reservation_block_pos">16</TD><TD PORT="ofs_memory_reservation_block_size">4</TD><TD>u4be</TD><TD PORT="ofs_memory_reservation_block_type">ofs_memory_reservation_block</TD></TR>
			<TR><TD PORT="version_pos">20</TD><TD PORT="version_size">4</TD><TD>u4be</TD><TD PORT="version_type">version</TD></TR>
			<TR><TD PORT="min_compatible_version_pos">24</TD><TD PORT="min_compatible_version_size">4</TD><TD>u4be</TD><TD PORT="min_compatible_version_type">min_compatible_version</TD></TR>
			<TR><TD PORT="boot_cpuid_phys_pos">28</TD><TD PORT="boot_cpuid_phys_size">4</TD><TD>u4be</TD><TD PORT="boot_cpuid_phys_type">boot_cpuid_phys</TD></TR>
			<TR><TD PORT="len_strings_block_pos">32</TD><TD PORT="len_strings_block_size">4</TD><TD>u4be</TD><TD PORT="len_strings_block_type">len_strings_block</TD></TR>
			<TR><TD PORT="len_structure_block_pos">36</TD><TD PORT="len_structure_block_size">4</TD><TD>u4be</TD><TD PORT="len_structure_block_type">len_structure_block</TD></TR>
		</TABLE>>];
		dtb__inst__memory_reservation_block [label=<<TABLE BORDER="0" CELLBORDER="1" CELLSPACING="0">
			<TR><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">pos</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">size</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">type</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">id</TD></TR>
			<TR><TD PORT="memory_reservation_block_pos">ofs_memory_reservation_block</TD><TD PORT="memory_reservation_block_size">(ofs_structure_block - ofs_memory_reservation_block)</TD><TD>MemoryBlock</TD><TD PORT="memory_reservation_block_type">memory_reservation_block</TD></TR>
		</TABLE>>];
		dtb__inst__structure_block [label=<<TABLE BORDER="0" CELLBORDER="1" CELLSPACING="0">
			<TR><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">pos</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">size</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">type</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">id</TD></TR>
			<TR><TD PORT="structure_block_pos">ofs_structure_block</TD><TD PORT="structure_block_size">len_structure_block</TD><TD>FdtBlock</TD><TD PORT="structure_block_type">structure_block</TD></TR>
		</TABLE>>];
		dtb__inst__strings_block [label=<<TABLE BORDER="0" CELLBORDER="1" CELLSPACING="0">
			<TR><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">pos</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">size</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">type</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">id</TD></TR>
			<TR><TD PORT="strings_block_pos">ofs_strings_block</TD><TD PORT="strings_block_size">len_strings_block</TD><TD>Strings</TD><TD PORT="strings_block_type">strings_block</TD></TR>
		</TABLE>>];
		subgraph cluster__memory_block {
			label="Dtb::MemoryBlock";
			graph[style=dotted];

			memory_block__seq [label=<<TABLE BORDER="0" CELLBORDER="1" CELLSPACING="0">
				<TR><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">pos</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">size</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">type</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">id</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD PORT="entries_pos">0</TD><TD PORT="entries_size">16</TD><TD>MemoryBlockEntry</TD><TD PORT="entries_type">entries</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD COLSPAN="4" PORT="entries__repeat">repeat to end of stream</TD></TR>
			</TABLE>>];
		}
		subgraph cluster__fdt_block {
			label="Dtb::FdtBlock";
			graph[style=dotted];

			fdt_block__seq [label=<<TABLE BORDER="0" CELLBORDER="1" CELLSPACING="0">
				<TR><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">pos</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">size</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">type</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">id</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD PORT="nodes_pos">0</TD><TD PORT="nodes_size">...</TD><TD>FdtNode</TD><TD PORT="nodes_type">nodes</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD COLSPAN="4" PORT="nodes__repeat">repeat until _.type == :fdt_end</TD></TR>
			</TABLE>>];
		}
		subgraph cluster__memory_block_entry {
			label="Dtb::MemoryBlockEntry";
			graph[style=dotted];

			memory_block_entry__seq [label=<<TABLE BORDER="0" CELLBORDER="1" CELLSPACING="0">
				<TR><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">pos</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">size</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">type</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">id</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD PORT="address_pos">0</TD><TD PORT="address_size">8</TD><TD>u8be</TD><TD PORT="address_type">address</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD PORT="size_pos">8</TD><TD PORT="size_size">8</TD><TD>u8be</TD><TD PORT="size_type">size</TD></TR>
			</TABLE>>];
		}
		subgraph cluster__strings {
			label="Dtb::Strings";
			graph[style=dotted];

			strings__seq [label=<<TABLE BORDER="0" CELLBORDER="1" CELLSPACING="0">
				<TR><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">pos</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">size</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">type</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">id</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD PORT="strings_pos">0</TD><TD PORT="strings_size">...</TD><TD>str(ASCII)</TD><TD PORT="strings_type">strings</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD COLSPAN="4" PORT="strings__repeat">repeat to end of stream</TD></TR>
			</TABLE>>];
		}
		subgraph cluster__fdt_prop {
			label="Dtb::FdtProp";
			graph[style=dotted];

			fdt_prop__seq [label=<<TABLE BORDER="0" CELLBORDER="1" CELLSPACING="0">
				<TR><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">pos</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">size</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">type</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">id</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD PORT="len_property_pos">0</TD><TD PORT="len_property_size">4</TD><TD>u4be</TD><TD PORT="len_property_type">len_property</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD PORT="ofs_name_pos">4</TD><TD PORT="ofs_name_size">4</TD><TD>u4be</TD><TD PORT="ofs_name_type">ofs_name</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD PORT="property_pos">8</TD><TD PORT="property_size">len_property</TD><TD></TD><TD PORT="property_type">property</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD PORT="padding_pos">...</TD><TD PORT="padding_size">(-(_io.pos) % 4)</TD><TD></TD><TD PORT="padding_type">padding</TD></TR>
			</TABLE>>];
			fdt_prop__inst__name [label=<<TABLE BORDER="0" CELLBORDER="1" CELLSPACING="0">
				<TR><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">pos</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">size</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">type</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">id</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD PORT="name_pos">ofs_name</TD><TD PORT="name_size">...</TD><TD>str(ASCII)</TD><TD PORT="name_type">name</TD></TR>
			</TABLE>>];
		}
		subgraph cluster__fdt_node {
			label="Dtb::FdtNode";
			graph[style=dotted];

			fdt_node__seq [label=<<TABLE BORDER="0" CELLBORDER="1" CELLSPACING="0">
				<TR><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">pos</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">size</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">type</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">id</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD PORT="type_pos">0</TD><TD PORT="type_size">4</TD><TD>u4be→Fdt</TD><TD PORT="type_type">type</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD PORT="body_pos">4</TD><TD PORT="body_size">...</TD><TD>switch (type)</TD><TD PORT="body_type">body</TD></TR>
			</TABLE>>];
fdt_node__seq_body_switch [label=<<TABLE BORDER="0" CELLBORDER="1" CELLSPACING="0">
	<TR><TD BGCOLOR="#F0F2E4">case</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#F0F2E4">type</TD></TR>
	<TR><TD>:fdt_begin_node</TD><TD PORT="case0">FdtBeginNode</TD></TR>
	<TR><TD>:fdt_prop</TD><TD PORT="case1">FdtProp</TD></TR>
</TABLE>>];
		}
		subgraph cluster__fdt_begin_node {
			label="Dtb::FdtBeginNode";
			graph[style=dotted];

			fdt_begin_node__seq [label=<<TABLE BORDER="0" CELLBORDER="1" CELLSPACING="0">
				<TR><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">pos</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">size</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">type</TD><TD BGCOLOR="#E0FFE0">id</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD PORT="name_pos">0</TD><TD PORT="name_size">...</TD><TD>str(ASCII)</TD><TD PORT="name_type">name</TD></TR>
				<TR><TD PORT="padding_pos">...</TD><TD PORT="padding_size">(-(_io.pos) % 4)</TD><TD></TD><TD PORT="padding_type">padding</TD></TR>
			</TABLE>>];
		}
	}
	dtb__seq:ofs_memory_reservation_block_type -> dtb__inst__memory_reservation_block:memory_reservation_block_pos [color="#404040"];
	dtb__seq:ofs_structure_block_type -> dtb__inst__memory_reservation_block:memory_reservation_block_size [color="#404040"];
	dtb__seq:ofs_memory_reservation_block_type -> dtb__inst__memory_reservation_block:memory_reservation_block_size [color="#404040"];
	dtb__inst__memory_reservation_block:memory_reservation_block_type -> memory_block__seq [style=bold];
	dtb__seq:ofs_structure_block_type -> dtb__inst__structure_block:structure_block_pos [color="#404040"];
	dtb__seq:len_structure_block_type -> dtb__inst__structure_block:structure_block_size [color="#404040"];
	dtb__inst__structure_block:structure_block_type -> fdt_block__seq [style=bold];
	dtb__seq:ofs_strings_block_type -> dtb__inst__strings_block:strings_block_pos [color="#404040"];
	dtb__seq:len_strings_block_type -> dtb__inst__strings_block:strings_block_size [color="#404040"];
	dtb__inst__strings_block:strings_block_type -> strings__seq [style=bold];
	memory_block__seq:entries_type -> memory_block_entry__seq [style=bold];
	fdt_block__seq:nodes_type -> fdt_node__seq [style=bold];
	fdt_node__seq:type_type -> fdt_block__seq:nodes__repeat [color="#404040"];
	fdt_prop__seq:len_property_type -> fdt_prop__seq:property_size [color="#404040"];
	fdt_prop__seq:ofs_name_type -> fdt_prop__inst__name:name_pos [color="#404040"];
	fdt_node__seq:body_type -> fdt_node__seq_body_switch [style=bold];
	fdt_node__seq_body_switch:case0 -> fdt_begin_node__seq [style=bold];
	fdt_node__seq_body_switch:case1 -> fdt_prop__seq [style=bold];
	fdt_node__seq:type_type -> fdt_node__seq:body_type [color="#404040"];
}