GENMIDI.OP2 OPL2 sound bank: format specification

GENMIDI.OP2 is a sound bank file used by players based on DMX sound library to play MIDI files with General MIDI instruments using OPL2 sound chip (which was commonly installed on popular AdLib and Sound Blaster sound cards).

Major users of DMX sound library include:

  • Original Doom game engine (and games based on it: Heretic, Hexen, Strife, Chex Quest)
  • Raptor: Call of the Shadows

File extension

op2

KS implementation details

License: CC0-1.0

This page hosts a formal specification of GENMIDI.OP2 OPL2 sound bank using Kaitai Struct. This specification can be automatically translated into a variety of programming languages to get a parsing library.

Block diagram

Format specification in Kaitai Struct YAML

meta:
  id: genmidi_op2
  title: GENMIDI.OP2 OPL2 sound bank
  file-extension: op2
  license: CC0-1.0
  endian: le
  encoding: ASCII
doc: |
  GENMIDI.OP2 is a sound bank file used by players based on DMX sound
  library to play MIDI files with General MIDI instruments using OPL2
  sound chip (which was commonly installed on popular AdLib and Sound
  Blaster sound cards).

  Major users of DMX sound library include:

  * Original Doom game engine (and games based on it: Heretic, Hexen, Strife, Chex Quest)
  * Raptor: Call of the Shadows 
doc-ref: http://www.fit.vutbr.cz/~arnost/muslib/op2_form.zip http://doom.wikia.com/wiki/GENMIDI
seq:
  - id: magic
    contents: "#OPL_II#"
  - id: instruments
    type: instrument_entry
    repeat: expr
    repeat-expr: 175
  - id: instrument_names
    type: str
    size: 32
    pad-right: 0
    terminator: 0
    repeat: expr
    repeat-expr: 175
types:
  instrument_entry:
    seq:
      - id: flags
        type: u2
      - id: finetune
        type: u1
      - id: note
        type: u1
        doc: MIDI note for fixed instruments, 0 otherwise
      - id: instruments
        repeat: expr
        repeat-expr: 2
        type: instrument
  instrument:
    seq:
      - id: op1
        type: op_settings
      - id: feedback
        type: u1
        doc: Feedback/AM-FM (both operators)
      - id: op2
        type: op_settings
      - id: unused
        type: u1
      - id: base_note
        type: s2
        doc: Base note offset
  op_settings:
    doc: |
      OPL2 settings for one operator (carrier or modulator)
    seq:
      - id: trem_vibr
        type: u1
        doc: Tremolo/vibrato/sustain/KSR/multi
      - id: att_dec
        type: u1
        doc: Attack rate/decay rate
      - id: sust_rel
        type: u1
        doc: Sustain level/release rate
      - id: wave
        type: u1
        doc: Waveform select
      - id: scale
        type: u1
        doc: Key scale level
      - id: level
        type: u1
        doc: Output level