Android Dalvik VM executable (dex): Perl parsing library

Android OS applications executables are typically stored in its own format, optimized for more efficient execution in Dalvik virtual machine.

This format is loosely similar to Java .class file format and generally holds the similar set of data: i.e. classes, methods, fields, annotations, etc.

File extension

dex

KS implementation details

License: CC-BY-SA-3.0

This page hosts a formal specification of Android Dalvik VM executable (dex) using Kaitai Struct. This specification can be automatically translated into a variety of programming languages to get a parsing library.

Perl source code to parse Android Dalvik VM executable (dex)

Dex.pm

# This is a generated file! Please edit source .ksy file and use kaitai-struct-compiler to rebuild

use strict;
use warnings;
use IO::KaitaiStruct 0.007_000;
use Encode;
use VlqBase128Le;

########################################################################
package Dex;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

our $CLASS_ACCESS_FLAGS_PUBLIC = 1;
our $CLASS_ACCESS_FLAGS_PRIVATE = 2;
our $CLASS_ACCESS_FLAGS_PROTECTED = 4;
our $CLASS_ACCESS_FLAGS_STATIC = 8;
our $CLASS_ACCESS_FLAGS_FINAL = 16;
our $CLASS_ACCESS_FLAGS_INTERFACE = 512;
our $CLASS_ACCESS_FLAGS_ABSTRACT = 1024;
our $CLASS_ACCESS_FLAGS_SYNTHETIC = 4096;
our $CLASS_ACCESS_FLAGS_ANNOTATION = 8192;
our $CLASS_ACCESS_FLAGS_ENUM = 16384;

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{header} = Dex::HeaderItem->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
}

sub string_ids {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{string_ids} if ($self->{string_ids});
    my $_pos = $self->{_io}->pos();
    $self->{_io}->seek($self->header()->string_ids_off());
    $self->{string_ids} = ();
    my $n_string_ids = $self->header()->string_ids_size();
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $n_string_ids; $i++) {
        $self->{string_ids}[$i] = Dex::StringIdItem->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
    $self->{_io}->seek($_pos);
    return $self->{string_ids};
}

sub method_ids {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{method_ids} if ($self->{method_ids});
    my $_pos = $self->{_io}->pos();
    $self->{_io}->seek($self->header()->method_ids_off());
    $self->{method_ids} = ();
    my $n_method_ids = $self->header()->method_ids_size();
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $n_method_ids; $i++) {
        $self->{method_ids}[$i] = Dex::MethodIdItem->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
    $self->{_io}->seek($_pos);
    return $self->{method_ids};
}

sub link_data {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{link_data} if ($self->{link_data});
    my $_pos = $self->{_io}->pos();
    $self->{_io}->seek($self->header()->link_off());
    $self->{link_data} = $self->{_io}->read_bytes($self->header()->link_size());
    $self->{_io}->seek($_pos);
    return $self->{link_data};
}

sub map {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{map} if ($self->{map});
    my $_pos = $self->{_io}->pos();
    $self->{_io}->seek($self->header()->map_off());
    $self->{map} = Dex::MapList->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    $self->{_io}->seek($_pos);
    return $self->{map};
}

sub class_defs {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{class_defs} if ($self->{class_defs});
    my $_pos = $self->{_io}->pos();
    $self->{_io}->seek($self->header()->class_defs_off());
    $self->{class_defs} = ();
    my $n_class_defs = $self->header()->class_defs_size();
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $n_class_defs; $i++) {
        $self->{class_defs}[$i] = Dex::ClassDefItem->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
    $self->{_io}->seek($_pos);
    return $self->{class_defs};
}

sub data {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{data} if ($self->{data});
    my $_pos = $self->{_io}->pos();
    $self->{_io}->seek($self->header()->data_off());
    $self->{data} = $self->{_io}->read_bytes($self->header()->data_size());
    $self->{_io}->seek($_pos);
    return $self->{data};
}

sub type_ids {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{type_ids} if ($self->{type_ids});
    my $_pos = $self->{_io}->pos();
    $self->{_io}->seek($self->header()->type_ids_off());
    $self->{type_ids} = ();
    my $n_type_ids = $self->header()->type_ids_size();
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $n_type_ids; $i++) {
        $self->{type_ids}[$i] = Dex::TypeIdItem->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
    $self->{_io}->seek($_pos);
    return $self->{type_ids};
}

sub proto_ids {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{proto_ids} if ($self->{proto_ids});
    my $_pos = $self->{_io}->pos();
    $self->{_io}->seek($self->header()->proto_ids_off());
    $self->{proto_ids} = ();
    my $n_proto_ids = $self->header()->proto_ids_size();
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $n_proto_ids; $i++) {
        $self->{proto_ids}[$i] = Dex::ProtoIdItem->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
    $self->{_io}->seek($_pos);
    return $self->{proto_ids};
}

sub field_ids {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{field_ids} if ($self->{field_ids});
    my $_pos = $self->{_io}->pos();
    $self->{_io}->seek($self->header()->field_ids_off());
    $self->{field_ids} = ();
    my $n_field_ids = $self->header()->field_ids_size();
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $n_field_ids; $i++) {
        $self->{field_ids}[$i] = Dex::FieldIdItem->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
    $self->{_io}->seek($_pos);
    return $self->{field_ids};
}

sub header {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{header};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::HeaderItem;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

our $ENDIAN_CONSTANT_ENDIAN_CONSTANT = 305419896;
our $ENDIAN_CONSTANT_REVERSE_ENDIAN_CONSTANT = 2018915346;

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{magic} = $self->{_io}->ensure_fixed_contents(pack('C*', (100, 101, 120, 10)));
    $self->{version_str} = Encode::decode("ascii", IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream::bytes_terminate($self->{_io}->read_bytes(4), 0, 0));
    $self->{checksum} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{signature} = $self->{_io}->read_bytes(20);
    $self->{file_size} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{header_size} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{endian_tag} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{link_size} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{link_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{map_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{string_ids_size} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{string_ids_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{type_ids_size} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{type_ids_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{proto_ids_size} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{proto_ids_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{field_ids_size} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{field_ids_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{method_ids_size} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{method_ids_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{class_defs_size} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{class_defs_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{data_size} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{data_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
}

sub magic {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{magic};
}

sub version_str {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{version_str};
}

sub checksum {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{checksum};
}

sub signature {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{signature};
}

sub file_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{file_size};
}

sub header_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{header_size};
}

sub endian_tag {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{endian_tag};
}

sub link_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{link_size};
}

sub link_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{link_off};
}

sub map_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{map_off};
}

sub string_ids_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{string_ids_size};
}

sub string_ids_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{string_ids_off};
}

sub type_ids_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{type_ids_size};
}

sub type_ids_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{type_ids_off};
}

sub proto_ids_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{proto_ids_size};
}

sub proto_ids_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{proto_ids_off};
}

sub field_ids_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{field_ids_size};
}

sub field_ids_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{field_ids_off};
}

sub method_ids_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{method_ids_size};
}

sub method_ids_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{method_ids_off};
}

sub class_defs_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{class_defs_size};
}

sub class_defs_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{class_defs_off};
}

sub data_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{data_size};
}

sub data_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{data_off};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::MapList;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{size} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{list} = ();
    my $n_list = $self->size();
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $n_list; $i++) {
        $self->{list}[$i] = Dex::MapItem->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
}

sub size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{size};
}

sub list {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{list};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::EncodedValue;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_BYTE = 0;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_SHORT = 2;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_CHAR = 3;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_INT = 4;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_LONG = 6;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_FLOAT = 16;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_DOUBLE = 17;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_METHOD_TYPE = 21;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_METHOD_HANDLE = 22;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_STRING = 23;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_TYPE = 24;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_FIELD = 25;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_METHOD = 26;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_ENUM = 27;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_ARRAY = 28;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_ANNOTATION = 29;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_NULL = 30;
our $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_BOOLEAN = 31;

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{value_arg} = $self->{_io}->read_bits_int(3);
    $self->{value_type} = $self->{_io}->read_bits_int(5);
    $self->{_io}->align_to_byte();
    my $_on = $self->value_type();
    if ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_DOUBLE) {
        $self->{value} = $self->{_io}->read_f8le();
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_ANNOTATION) {
        $self->{value} = Dex::EncodedAnnotation->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_TYPE) {
        $self->{value} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_CHAR) {
        $self->{value} = $self->{_io}->read_u2le();
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_METHOD_HANDLE) {
        $self->{value} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_ARRAY) {
        $self->{value} = Dex::EncodedArray->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_BYTE) {
        $self->{value} = $self->{_io}->read_s1();
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_METHOD) {
        $self->{value} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_METHOD_TYPE) {
        $self->{value} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_SHORT) {
        $self->{value} = $self->{_io}->read_s2le();
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_STRING) {
        $self->{value} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_INT) {
        $self->{value} = $self->{_io}->read_s4le();
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_FIELD) {
        $self->{value} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_LONG) {
        $self->{value} = $self->{_io}->read_s8le();
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_FLOAT) {
        $self->{value} = $self->{_io}->read_f4le();
    }
    elsif ($_on == $VALUE_TYPE_ENUM_ENUM) {
        $self->{value} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    }
}

sub value_arg {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{value_arg};
}

sub value_type {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{value_type};
}

sub value {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{value};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::CallSiteIdItem;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{call_site_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
}

sub call_site_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{call_site_off};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::MethodIdItem;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{class_idx} = $self->{_io}->read_u2le();
    $self->{proto_idx} = $self->{_io}->read_u2le();
    $self->{name_idx} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
}

sub class_name {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{class_name} if ($self->{class_name});
    $self->{class_name} = @{$self->_root()->type_ids()}[$self->class_idx()]->type_name();
    return $self->{class_name};
}

sub proto_desc {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{proto_desc} if ($self->{proto_desc});
    $self->{proto_desc} = @{$self->_root()->proto_ids()}[$self->proto_idx()]->shorty_desc();
    return $self->{proto_desc};
}

sub method_name {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{method_name} if ($self->{method_name});
    $self->{method_name} = @{$self->_root()->string_ids()}[$self->name_idx()]->value()->data();
    return $self->{method_name};
}

sub class_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{class_idx};
}

sub proto_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{proto_idx};
}

sub name_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{name_idx};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::TypeItem;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{type_idx} = $self->{_io}->read_u2le();
}

sub value {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{value} if ($self->{value});
    $self->{value} = @{$self->_root()->type_ids()}[$self->type_idx()]->type_name();
    return $self->{value};
}

sub type_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{type_idx};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::TypeIdItem;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{descriptor_idx} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
}

sub type_name {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{type_name} if ($self->{type_name});
    $self->{type_name} = @{$self->_root()->string_ids()}[$self->descriptor_idx()]->value()->data();
    return $self->{type_name};
}

sub descriptor_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{descriptor_idx};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::AnnotationElement;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{name_idx} = VlqBase128Le->new($self->{_io});
    $self->{value} = Dex::EncodedValue->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
}

sub name_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{name_idx};
}

sub value {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{value};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::EncodedField;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{field_idx_diff} = VlqBase128Le->new($self->{_io});
    $self->{access_flags} = VlqBase128Le->new($self->{_io});
}

sub field_idx_diff {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{field_idx_diff};
}

sub access_flags {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{access_flags};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::EncodedArrayItem;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{value} = Dex::EncodedArray->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
}

sub value {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{value};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::ClassDataItem;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{static_fields_size} = VlqBase128Le->new($self->{_io});
    $self->{instance_fields_size} = VlqBase128Le->new($self->{_io});
    $self->{direct_methods_size} = VlqBase128Le->new($self->{_io});
    $self->{virtual_methods_size} = VlqBase128Le->new($self->{_io});
    $self->{static_fields} = ();
    my $n_static_fields = $self->static_fields_size()->value();
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $n_static_fields; $i++) {
        $self->{static_fields}[$i] = Dex::EncodedField->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
    $self->{instance_fields} = ();
    my $n_instance_fields = $self->instance_fields_size()->value();
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $n_instance_fields; $i++) {
        $self->{instance_fields}[$i] = Dex::EncodedField->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
    $self->{direct_methods} = ();
    my $n_direct_methods = $self->direct_methods_size()->value();
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $n_direct_methods; $i++) {
        $self->{direct_methods}[$i] = Dex::EncodedMethod->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
    $self->{virtual_methods} = ();
    my $n_virtual_methods = $self->virtual_methods_size()->value();
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $n_virtual_methods; $i++) {
        $self->{virtual_methods}[$i] = Dex::EncodedMethod->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
}

sub static_fields_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{static_fields_size};
}

sub instance_fields_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{instance_fields_size};
}

sub direct_methods_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{direct_methods_size};
}

sub virtual_methods_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{virtual_methods_size};
}

sub static_fields {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{static_fields};
}

sub instance_fields {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{instance_fields};
}

sub direct_methods {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{direct_methods};
}

sub virtual_methods {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{virtual_methods};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::FieldIdItem;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{class_idx} = $self->{_io}->read_u2le();
    $self->{type_idx} = $self->{_io}->read_u2le();
    $self->{name_idx} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
}

sub class_name {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{class_name} if ($self->{class_name});
    $self->{class_name} = @{$self->_root()->type_ids()}[$self->class_idx()]->type_name();
    return $self->{class_name};
}

sub type_name {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{type_name} if ($self->{type_name});
    $self->{type_name} = @{$self->_root()->type_ids()}[$self->type_idx()]->type_name();
    return $self->{type_name};
}

sub field_name {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{field_name} if ($self->{field_name});
    $self->{field_name} = @{$self->_root()->string_ids()}[$self->name_idx()]->value()->data();
    return $self->{field_name};
}

sub class_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{class_idx};
}

sub type_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{type_idx};
}

sub name_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{name_idx};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::EncodedAnnotation;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{type_idx} = VlqBase128Le->new($self->{_io});
    $self->{size} = VlqBase128Le->new($self->{_io});
    $self->{elements} = ();
    my $n_elements = $self->size()->value();
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $n_elements; $i++) {
        $self->{elements}[$i] = Dex::AnnotationElement->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
}

sub type_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{type_idx};
}

sub size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{size};
}

sub elements {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{elements};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::ClassDefItem;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{class_idx} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{access_flags} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{superclass_idx} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{interfaces_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{source_file_idx} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{annotations_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{class_data_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{static_values_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
}

sub type_name {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{type_name} if ($self->{type_name});
    $self->{type_name} = @{$self->_root()->type_ids()}[$self->class_idx()]->type_name();
    return $self->{type_name};
}

sub class_data {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{class_data} if ($self->{class_data});
    if ($self->class_data_off() != 0) {
        my $_pos = $self->{_io}->pos();
        $self->{_io}->seek($self->class_data_off());
        $self->{class_data} = Dex::ClassDataItem->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
        $self->{_io}->seek($_pos);
    }
    return $self->{class_data};
}

sub static_values {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{static_values} if ($self->{static_values});
    if ($self->static_values_off() != 0) {
        my $_pos = $self->{_io}->pos();
        $self->{_io}->seek($self->static_values_off());
        $self->{static_values} = Dex::EncodedArrayItem->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
        $self->{_io}->seek($_pos);
    }
    return $self->{static_values};
}

sub class_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{class_idx};
}

sub access_flags {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{access_flags};
}

sub superclass_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{superclass_idx};
}

sub interfaces_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{interfaces_off};
}

sub source_file_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{source_file_idx};
}

sub annotations_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{annotations_off};
}

sub class_data_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{class_data_off};
}

sub static_values_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{static_values_off};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::TypeList;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{size} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{list} = ();
    my $n_list = $self->size();
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $n_list; $i++) {
        $self->{list}[$i] = Dex::TypeItem->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
}

sub size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{size};
}

sub list {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{list};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::StringIdItem;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{string_data_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
}

sub value {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{value} if ($self->{value});
    my $_pos = $self->{_io}->pos();
    $self->{_io}->seek($self->string_data_off());
    $self->{value} = Dex::StringIdItem::StringDataItem->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    $self->{_io}->seek($_pos);
    return $self->{value};
}

sub string_data_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{string_data_off};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::StringIdItem::StringDataItem;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{utf16_size} = VlqBase128Le->new($self->{_io});
    $self->{data} = Encode::decode("ascii", $self->{_io}->read_bytes($self->utf16_size()->value()));
}

sub utf16_size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{utf16_size};
}

sub data {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{data};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::ProtoIdItem;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{shorty_idx} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{return_type_idx} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{parameters_off} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
}

sub shorty_desc {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{shorty_desc} if ($self->{shorty_desc});
    $self->{shorty_desc} = @{$self->_root()->string_ids()}[$self->shorty_idx()]->value()->data();
    return $self->{shorty_desc};
}

sub params_types {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{params_types} if ($self->{params_types});
    if ($self->parameters_off() != 0) {
        my $io = $self->_root()->_io();
        my $_pos = $io->pos();
        $io->seek($self->parameters_off());
        $self->{params_types} = Dex::TypeList->new($io, $self, $self->{_root});
        $io->seek($_pos);
    }
    return $self->{params_types};
}

sub return_type {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{return_type} if ($self->{return_type});
    $self->{return_type} = @{$self->_root()->type_ids()}[$self->return_type_idx()]->type_name();
    return $self->{return_type};
}

sub shorty_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{shorty_idx};
}

sub return_type_idx {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{return_type_idx};
}

sub parameters_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{parameters_off};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::EncodedMethod;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{method_idx_diff} = VlqBase128Le->new($self->{_io});
    $self->{access_flags} = VlqBase128Le->new($self->{_io});
    $self->{code_off} = VlqBase128Le->new($self->{_io});
}

sub method_idx_diff {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{method_idx_diff};
}

sub access_flags {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{access_flags};
}

sub code_off {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{code_off};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::MapItem;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_HEADER_ITEM = 0;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_STRING_ID_ITEM = 1;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_TYPE_ID_ITEM = 2;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_PROTO_ID_ITEM = 3;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_FIELD_ID_ITEM = 4;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_METHOD_ID_ITEM = 5;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_CLASS_DEF_ITEM = 6;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_CALL_SITE_ID_ITEM = 7;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_METHOD_HANDLE_ITEM = 8;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_MAP_LIST = 4096;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_TYPE_LIST = 4097;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_ANNOTATION_SET_REF_LIST = 4098;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_ANNOTATION_SET_ITEM = 4099;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_CLASS_DATA_ITEM = 8192;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_CODE_ITEM = 8193;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_STRING_DATA_ITEM = 8194;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_DEBUG_INFO_ITEM = 8195;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_ANNOTATION_ITEM = 8196;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_ENCODED_ARRAY_ITEM = 8197;
our $MAP_ITEM_TYPE_ANNOTATIONS_DIRECTORY_ITEM = 8198;

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{type} = $self->{_io}->read_u2le();
    $self->{unused} = $self->{_io}->read_u2le();
    $self->{size} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
    $self->{offset} = $self->{_io}->read_u4le();
}

sub type {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{type};
}

sub unused {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{unused};
}

sub size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{size};
}

sub offset {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{offset};
}

########################################################################
package Dex::EncodedArray;

our @ISA = 'IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct';

sub from_file {
    my ($class, $filename) = @_;
    my $fd;

    open($fd, '<', $filename) or return undef;
    binmode($fd);
    return new($class, IO::KaitaiStruct::Stream->new($fd));
}

sub new {
    my ($class, $_io, $_parent, $_root) = @_;
    my $self = IO::KaitaiStruct::Struct->new($_io);

    bless $self, $class;
    $self->{_parent} = $_parent;
    $self->{_root} = $_root || $self;;

    $self->_read();

    return $self;
}

sub _read {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{size} = VlqBase128Le->new($self->{_io});
    $self->{values} = ();
    my $n_values = $self->size()->value();
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $n_values; $i++) {
        $self->{values}[$i] = Dex::EncodedValue->new($self->{_io}, $self, $self->{_root});
    }
}

sub size {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{size};
}

sub values {
    my ($self) = @_;
    return $self->{values};
}

1;